Study 1: Emergency Relief in Haiti: A distribution study within the ACF canteen program
Food aid is the provision of food commodities as a form of international assistance. It is a form of aid,
which can directly address poverty and hunger issues in developing countries. Commonly speaking, objectives of food aid
are to reduce starvation and acute malnutrition problems in communities affected by emergencies and to contribute to the
food security of a population or country. According to the 1996 World Food Summit held in Rome, the concept of food security encompasses a wide range of issues
affecting both quantity and quality of diet meeting an individual’s demands for protein, calorie and all sorts of necessary
micronutrients. A comprehensive and effective food aid plan should consider all these nutritional details.
The population groups mostly affected by any emergency situation namely war and natural disasters include women and children.
While general …
China Study (Contact: Waseem Sharrief; Completed)
China is the most rapidly developing and populous nation in the world. However, the nutritional benefits from economic growth have not been shared equally among its people. Studies in China have shown great geographical variation in the prevalence of anemia, most likely the result of large economic disparity between rural and urban areas. In addition, there is a great diversity of environmental, dietary, and genetic factors in the Chinese population. In Northern China, the prevalence of iron-deficiency anemia has been reported to be as high as 41%. It has been suggested from a meta-analysis that intermittent iron supplementation could be as effective as daily supplementation in a supervised (e.g. school) setting and appears to be a promising strategy to control anemia.
A government preschool in Baotou city, Northern China was selected to participate in a prospective study whose objectives are (1) To determine the …
Home fortification with micronutrient Sprinkles-a new approach for the prevention and
treatment of nutritional anemias. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health. Feb 2003;8(2):87-90.
C Schauer, SH Zlotkin
Despite global goals set by UN agencies over the past decade for significant reductions in iron deficiency anemia (IDA), it remains a largely unaddressed public health problem affecting more than 2 billion people, one third of the world’s population. The negative impact of IDA on health and human potential are greatest in the developing world where it is estimated that 51% of children less than 4 years of age, are anemic mainly due to a diet inadequate in bioavailable iron. Studies in both developed and developing countries have consistently shown mental and motor impairments that may not be reversible in children less than 2 years of age with IDA. From a public health standpoint there are …
daily vitamin A requirement (the Recommended Daily Allowance or RDA). As such, the use of Sprinkles as
‘home fortification’ is complementary to the high dose vitamin A capsules, not competitive. When the WHO
initiated the high dose capsules, they did not stipulate that the child receiving the supplement should not
eat food containing vitamin A. Indeed, they recommended an age-appropriate diet which would contain all
micronutrients, including vitamin A.
Sprinkles with vitamin A is formulated to help children meet their RDA for vitamin A and thus is safe to use with the high dose supplement.
The current WHO/UNICEF recommended daily dose of iron for program settings where the prevalence of anemia is greater than 40% is 12.5 mg of iron (based on ferrous sulfate), for infants and young children from 6-24 months of age. Sprinkles are a new multiple micronutrient approach to home-fortification of complementary foods for children containing iron as microencapsulated ferrous fumarate. The dose of iron in Sprinkles should be large enough to treat anemia within a relatively short period of time yet be safe for prophylactic use in non-anemic children.The objectives of the study is to evaluate and compare the initial hematologic response from three different doses of Sprinkles, and two forms of iron compared to the reference standard (ferrous sulfate drops) in anemic infants 6-18 months of age.
The design of the study will involve randomizing anemic infants to one of 5 groups: (1)12.5, (2) 20, or (3) 30 mg Fe …
Zinc is a cofactor for numerous enzymes. It is involved in metabolism and cell growth. Other functions of zinc include sexual maturation, wound healing, appetite, sense of taste and smell and skin integrity.
In the gut, zinc binds to a compound secreted from the pancreas, which helps absorption in the intestine. In the blood, zinc circulates bound to serum protein. Zinc is excreted via the feces, sweat and urine.
The richest sources of zinc include red meats, liver, fish, eggs, milk, nuts and legumes. Although zinc is present in vegetable matter, it is less available as it is bound by phytates which are chemicals found in many of these foods.
A deficiency of zinc may lead to growth faltering, delay in sexual maturation, mental lethargy and skin changes. Zinc also plays a role in maintaining immunity (T-cell function).…
How to use them and how they can help your child
What happens when there isnt enough iron and why it is
important to take Sprinkles
makes a child have strong blood and grow healthy.
- When a
child does not have enough iron, it stops a him/her
from learning well and his/her brain cant grow well.
iron makes a chil weak and tired.
helps children to have strong blood, grow healthy, learn well and feel
strong and energetic
What are Sprinkles?
are packages of dry powder that has no taste
powder has many vitamins and minerals to help make children strong,
healthy and smart
vitamins inside are iron, zinc, vitamin A, folic acid and vitamin C which
help children to have strong blood and protects them from getting sick
childs caregiver should give one package each day to any child that
Vitamin E is involved in maintaining the integrity and function of cellular membranes. It is also thought to play a role in the prevention of oxidation of fatty acids contained in cell membranes. Vitamin E is also thought to be an antioxidant, potentially capable of preventing the actions of free radicals.
Vitamin E is fat-soluble and therefore is absorbed with fat in the diet. Only a small percentage (20-40%) is absorbed from the gut. Vitamin E is transported to the liver via fat transporters called chylomicrons and to tissues via plasma lipoproteins. It is stored in membranes and in the liver, adipose (fat) and muscle tissue.
Vitamin E is most commonly found in vegetable and cereal seed oils. It is also found in small amounts in eggs, fish and meat.
Vitamin E deficiency may lead to hemolytic anemia, edema (water retention), elevated platelet …
Iron is necessary for the creation of hemoglobin, the oxygen-carrying component of blood. Iron deficiency occurs when
there is an inadequate supply of iron to the body resulting from a low iron intake from the diet or losses of blood
from parasitic infections Deficiency may results in anemia due to low hemoglobin levels. Hemoglobin carries oxygen
to all cells and tissues in the body. A depletion of oxygen can cause loss of energy, decreased metabolism and a failure to thrive.
According to the World Health Organization, as many as 30% of the worlds population
has iron deficiency anemia and these rates are as high as 50% in children living in Africa and Asia (Foege; 2002). Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Numerous studies have demonstrated that even moderate anemia (hemoglobin <100 g/L) is associated with depressed mental and motor development in …